I have just come across another 20th century phenomenologist whose work seems relevant to this blog: Edith Stein, also known as Saint Teresia of the Cross. She is a martyr and saint of the Catholic Church, one of the six patron saints of Europe. She received her PhD under Edmund Husserl in 1916 and became his assistant, along with Martin Heidegger. Born into an observant Jewish family, she became an atheist in her teenage years, and later was baptised into the Catholic Church, eventually becoming a Carmelite nun. Her order transferred her from Nazi Germany to the Netherlands, where she was later arrested and shipped to Auschwitz concentration camp, along with her sister Rosa, also a convert, where they were gassed to death. Her canonization took place under Pope John Paul II in 1998.
Edith Stein’s PhD dissertation was Zum Problem der Einfühlung (On the Problem of Empathy). Here are some accounts of her work in philosophy:
- Personal Connections: The Phenomenology of Edith Stein
- From Empathy to Solidarity: Intersubjective Connections according to Edith Stein
- Empathy and Consciousness (Part VI: Empathy, p.16-20)